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Cargotec as an investment

Why invest in Cargotec?

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Cargotec is a technology leader with strong market positions in all business areas, Kalmar, Hiab and MacGregor. We have leading brands in markets with long term growth potential and several megatrends, such as urbanisation and growing middle class, support our businesses.

Our aim is to transform from an equipment provider into a leader in intelligent cargo handling. We will achieve this by focusing on our four strategic must-win battles: customer centricity,  services, digitalisation and productivity.

Operating environment

Demand for Cargotec's products and services is based on world trade and cargo handling needs in land and sea transportation. Our primary market drivers include:

  • world trade development and global gross domestic product (GDP)
  • world seaborne trade and ship building
  • global offshore exploration and production spending
  • container traffic and investments in ports and terminals, and
  • construction industry activity and truck registrations in Europe.

Well diversified geographical sales mix



Container throughput (Driver for Kalmar)

Construction output (Driver for Hiab)

Merchant shipping and offshore markets (Drivers for MacGregor)

Short term risks and uncertainties

Source: Cargotec’s financial statements review 2020. The text is updated quarterly.

Developments in the global economy and cargo flows have a direct effect on Cargotec’s operating environment and customers’ willingness to invest. A slowdown in global economic growth, political uncertainty and trade wars could have an impact on global flow of goods and therefore on the demand of Cargotec’s solutions.

The coronavirus pandemic has direct and indirect impacts on Cargotec’s business, and the pandemic exposes personnel to a higher risk of illness. Closures of factories, increased safety measures and movement restrictions in accordance with government regulations may limit Cargotec's business prerequisites, and can make it difficult to sell, operate and deliver Cargotec's solutions. Spread of the pandemic and related restrictions may affect the operating environment adversely. Challenges related to the availability, retention and mobility of skilled workforce impact operational performance negatively. The pandemic situation and related operating constraints may have weakened the operational capacity and financial situation of suppliers involved in Cargotec's supply chain, which can hamper Cargotec's ability to deliver products, solutions and services to its customers.

A slowdown or contraction in global economic growth may lower the container traffic growth rate, which affects demand and deliveries for Kalmar's cargo handling solutions. Project executions face risks related to schedule, cost and delivery guarantees. Furthermore, potential bottlenecks in the supply chain could postpone deliveries and have a negative impact on sales and results. Possible restructurings in supply chains can incur significant costs.

Hiab’s demand is impacted by the development of the construction market. A significant share of Hiab’s orders are from the United States. Even though the cash flows are hedged for the existing order book, the weakening of the US dollar in the longer term could weaken Hiab’s results. Similarly, a stronger dollar could strengthen Hiab’s results.

MacGregor's market situation involves uncertainties. It is anticipated that the oversupply in the merchant ship market will take time to balance out, since capacity will continue to increase while demand is expected to grow very moderately. The tightening emission regulation for ships and related uncertainty may limit new investments in the short term. The uncertainty regarding oil price development and global decarbonisation targets have led to an intense fall in investments by the oil industry and created oversupply in the offshore market that has decreased offshore vessel investments. The concurrent deterioration in both markets has a negative impact on the financial situation of shipyards, ship owners, and ship operators. A longer-term market downturn could result in an impairment of MacGregor's goodwill.

In the challenging market situation, customers may also try to postpone or cancel orders. Deterioration of the global economic outlook and access to finance can lead to economic and financial difficulties among customers. In some cases their financial position may deteriorate significantly or even lead to insolvency. Challenges and uncertainties related to deliveries may increase Cargotec's net working capital and reduce cash flow.

Cargotec is involved in certain legal disputes and trials. The interpretation of international agreements and legislation may weaken the predictability of the end results of legal disputes and trials.

Risks regarding Cargotec’s acquisitions are related to, for example, the knowledge of the local markets, authority processes, customers, corporate culture, integration, costs, achieving targets as well as key employees.

There are also ethical risks related to the industries and the geographical scope where Cargotec operates in. Cargotec has increased actions to ensure compliance with its business guidelines, regulations and ethical principles. Related internal processes are constantly being developed.

More information on risks is available at, under Investors > Governance > Internal control and risk management.

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